Selected patients were referred from the Urology,
nephrology, and emergency departments with a history of hematuria between July
2009 and September 2015.
A total of 200 patients with possible urinary tract abnormalities were equally divided between 2 protocols. Protocol A used the conventional single bolus and quadruple-phase scan protocol (pre, arterial, venous, and delayed), retrospectively. Protocol B included a quadruple-phase contrast media injection with a triphasic scan protocol (pre, arterial and combined venous, and delayed), prospectively. Each pro- tocol used 100 mL contrast and saline at a flow rate of 4.5 mL. Attenuation profiles and contrast-to-noise ratio of the renal arteries, veins, and urogen- ital tract were measured. Effective radiation dose calculation, data analysis by independent sample t test, receiver operating characteristic, and visual grading characteristic analyses were performed.
200 patients with possible urinary tract abnormalities
Exclusion criteria were set for pregnant patients and patients with serum
creatinine > 1.2 mg/dL or Estimated
Glomerular filtration rate < 60 mL/min/1.73m2